The Building and Unhinging of America Timeline
Colonial capital from 1616 to 1699.
Demand of parents in Boston for books resulted in over 130 editions of spelling books and 332 different primary readers.
Emphasis on the Founding Fathers' original intent and writings, Federalist Papers, etc.
Suggested "In God We Trust" as our national motto.
Emphasis on Constitutional Theory after the appointment of Chief Justice Taney. De-emphasis on the quotes and writings of the Founding Fathers.
Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels
Judicial Supremacy Replaces Constitutional Supremacy
Began creating an educational delivery system for Horace Mann's secular philosophies.
America was producing more than 50% of the developed world's wealth with less than 6% of the world's population.
Statement by Chief Justice Charles Evans Hughes
Citizens distracted from changes in education by the war.
Citizens distracted from changes in education by prosperity.
Citizens distracted from changes in education by poverty and the depression.
Order 6102 by FDR
United States vs. Butler
Increased patriotism from 1945-late 1950's. Citizens distracted from changes in education by the war and recovery efforts.
Everson vs. Board of Education (1947): Government cannot encourage religion in any way.
McCollum vs. Board of Education (1948): No religious classes in school.
About 1/3 of all presidents and deans of teacher training schools are graduates of Columbia's Teachers College.
Emphasis on STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics) and de-emphasis on ethics, civics, arts, etc. Introduction of "Social Studies" to study social problems.
Average of 0.00 out of 25 pages with moral lessons, down from 16.01 pages out of 25 in 1810.
Engel v. Vitale
School District Abington vs. Schempp
Dr. Pierce at teacher conference in Denver, Colorado (1973)
Gloria Steinem, The Saturday Review of Education, March 1973
Lemon v. Kurtzman
Dr. John Goodland report for the National Education Association
Five independent studies by leading educators calling for return to the basics. Historic report by the National Commission on Excellence in Education.